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Full text of "Mathematical And Physical Papers - Iii"

ON THE MOTION OF  PENDULUMS.
133
importance.    Making this simplification and substituting in (191) we get
where c=
If then J.0 be the initial and A the
final value of Ati we get from (192)
...(193).
Let now J.0 -h AJ.0 be what J.0 would become if, while the final arc A and the whole time t remained the same, the motion had been going on for an indefinite time before the epoch from which t is measured, in which case the superior limit in the integral involved in the expression for 6r would have been oo in place of t. Then
q = c f * jsin nt r   n(t_ } dt^i dtf $ >
Jo (         Jo                       v&J
whence by subtracting,  member from  member, equation  (193) from equation (194), we get
log
-o-o
-m nt fcos n (t _ 4 )
o I             J^
which becomes after integration by parts
+
,
lo
c       TT   ft .        ^        _                     ^
=      j    /  -- 2^  cos nt - cos 2n     cos nt -7-
Jt          */t
8m2nt)[ sin w* ^[ ...... (195).
Now it is supposed to be very large : in Coulomb's experiments in fact 10 oscillations were observed, so that nt = lOyr. But when t is at all large the two integrals
r      dt      r -   , dt
cos nt -77,             sin ? 
7^           v^         Jt            vt
can be expressed under the forms
 P sin nt -f Q cos w,         P cos 7^ -f Q sin n^, where
ll '
i
^ 1 .3.5.